Ecosystems refer to the interactions between the living things (plants, animals, fungus) and other components of the environment such as soil, water, and rain. Humans are also an integral part of the ecosystems. They form part of it and depend on it for survival. Nowadays, technological progress develops at such a rapid pace that it endangers the sustainability of natural resources.
To start with, the consequences of the vast expansion of industrial-scale farming, fishing, mining and other human activities can cause damage to the natural ecosystems. They are destroying the plant and animal species. Moreover, it can also threaten the environmental stability. Due to their loss of habitat it can later result to face extinction.
The destruction of large number of trees not only causes a radical change to the natural landscape but it also releases tons of carbon into the atmosphere. Deforestation can lead to a variety of disastrous consequences. For instance, it is one of the major causes for the ever-rising climate change, flooding and soil erosion. The region’s sudden rise in temperature also creates various instabilities. The seasonal rainfalls pose new threats from pests and diseases. Due to the emerging climate change, agricultural stability and food security are at risk.
There are many ways that individuals and the government can become involved in restoring and protecting ecosystems in and around their communities and countries. They are discussed below:
- Landscape approach
The combined negative impacts of deforestation, poor land management, and climate change have required new solutions to land degradation. These issues require an integrated approach to sustainably managing and restoring land, water and coastal resources. A “landscape” approach supports land restoration techniques that improve crop yields, reduce erosion, and enhance the provision of water. It can be useful in order to increase livelihoods, enhance resilience to climate change, and store carbon to mitigate climate change.
- Mangrove ecosystem
It is vital that mangrove ecosystem need to be conserved and restored as part of the battle against rising carbon levels in the atmosphere. It provides important habitat for aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. Their protection can also play a valuable role in climate change adaptation for instance, they prevent erosion of sea level rises.
- Wildlife habitat
Multiple use forestry can be beneficial to the ecosystems. The forests are managed to provide for both a better economy and the conservation of biodiversity. It can change the floristic composition and vegetation structure of forests with significant implications for wildlife habitat.
As long as ecosystems are being looked after, used and managed well, it is in good condition. But, if they are mismanaged and not cared for, it can potentially die. The challenge for everyone involved is to find creative ways to protect and restore remaining ecosystems while enhancing the country’s social and economic well-being. Protecting and restoring our natural resources is a priority to save our planet.