In the past few decades, wastes are rapidly accumulating in the oceans. All the debris are causing a serious threat to the survival of marine fauna and the environment. Consequently, there has been a growing source of marine pollution in recent years. Marine pollution is a combination of thrash and chemicals, most of which comes from land sources and is washed or blown into the ocean.
To start with, it is clearly stated that 80% of marine pollution comes from land-based sources. People around the world spew out their trash, sewage sludge, industrial and chemical wastes into the ocean. Furthermore, millions of tons of heavy metals, chemical contaminants and radioactive substances are also thrown into the ocean. As a result, it can have a catastrophic effect on marine creatures, killing vital marine life and lead to environmental degradation.
These ideas and solution below can scratch the surface for ways you can help address the growing problem of marine pollution in the oceans.
- Ban plastics products
Plastic pollution is one of the greatest threats to ocean health worldwide. It impacts sea turtles, whales, coral reefs and countless other marine species and habitat. According to the United Nations, around 300 million tons of plastic waste is produced each year globally and 8 million metric tons end up in the ocean. It even increases death by oceans. Hence, our ocean should be full of water not of plastic. A new initiative has been taken place in this year itself. For example, plastic products are now banned in Rodrigues Island and it has been replaced by biodegradable or compostable products.
- Recycle products
Moreover, the easiest way is to recycle all single-use plastics, metal, paper products that are used once and then discarded. It helps to keep these products and other unused materials out of the ocean and reduces the amount of harmful outcomes. There are various organisations in Mauritius that collaborate to contribute a clean, healthy society and educate the importance of recycling.
- Eco-friendly products
It is advisable to use 100% eco-friendly products that are natural, organic, sustainable and best of all reusable. It will protect our environment from marine pollution and disastrous consequences also. It is extremely important to use biodegradable products in order to ensure that it does not end up in landfills, seas or destroy our environment.
- Pay fine
Illegal dumping has become an increasingly large problem throughout the world. Nowadays, offenders dump their waste to avoid the cost and inconvenience of proper waste disposal. Thus, the government of Mauritius has come with new severe laws. Those who do not abide the law needs to pay a huge amount of fine not exceeding Rs 25,000 and to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years. Because their one act can harm the marine life forever. All of their dirt will end up in our oceans, destroying the earth.
- Clean up day
You can simply join a local Non-Governmental Organisations’ Clean Up Day or an international event. It is one of the most direct and rewarding ways to fight against marine pollution. It helps to collect various wastes from the ocean, a means to help preserve our environment. Various organisations in Mauritius are trying to make an impact cleaning up marine environments of plastic waste and other pollutants material. Hence, it’s mission is to organize several events to raise awareness and educate the population about the important environmental issues.
We need to take small steps in our everyday lives to reduce waste, marine pollution and make a big impact on the environment. Be a part of the solution, not part of the marine pollution.